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John Cowan

Almost certainly the Latin and Russian forms were independently calqued from the Greek Μεσόγειος (Mesogeios); the most usual Classical Latin name was mare nostrum 'our sea' in any case. The Modern Hebrew name הַיָּם הַתִּיכוֹן (ha-Yam ha-Tikhon) and the Modern Standard Arabic name البحر المتوسط (al-Baḥr al-Mutawassiṭ) are also calqued from Greek.

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